Phone: 1300 305 577. This report accompanies The Critical Decade: Climate Change Science, Risks and Responses and highlights key climate change impacts and opportunities for South Australia.. THREE KEY POINTS: Rising temperatures will affect health. South Australia also has a diverse range of regions from the relatively warm temperate climate of the Barossa Valley; to the maritime precincts of McLaren Vale, the Fleurieu Peninsula's Currency Creek, Langhorne Creek and Southern Fleurieu; the cooler Adelaide Hills region and the hot climate of the Riverland region on the Murray River. Based on weather reports collected during 2005–2015. While South Australia’s climate has always been highly variable, a warming trend has been observed since the 1970s. South Australia weather in the northern desert is very hot and dry, especially in summer, the temperature in the outback regularly The two dominant weather influences derive from the Southern Ocean to the south and from the continental interior to the north. Violent storms are rare and flood hazards minimal. Summer bushfires are the most serious weather-related hazards; notable widespread and destructive fires occurred in January 1939 and February 1983. Geography. South Australia’s summer lasts from December to February; the average temperature is 28°C (82°F), but can often reach higher than 30°C (86°F). ... Balhannah, South Australia 5242. Climate change is a change in the pattern of weather, and related changes in oceans, land surfaces and ice sheets, that occur over decades or longer. In more recent times, extensive managed forests, principally of pine (Pinus radiata), were established by the state government and by private companies on former scrubland and heathland in the southeast. Temperatures during this time tend to hover around 16°C (61°F). Sand and lime are the dominant features of the soils of the state’s extensive plains, whereas well-developed loam and clay soils are of limited extent. The South Australian Government Climate Change Action Plan 2021–2025 (Action Plan) describes government-led objectives and actions to help to build a strong, climate smart economy, further reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and support South Australia to adapt to a changing climate.. Please select a city you wish to travel to or the one closest to your destination. Adelaide is the driest of the Australian capital cities. South Australia is relatively free of damaging weather events, apart from droughts. The most serious threat for South Australia is bushfires in summer. The higher rainfall occurs along the southern coasts and the north-south-trending Mount Lofty and Flinders ranges. Due to the huge size of the country, Australia has serveral different climate zones. The locations on this page are sorted by site name. Four in five South Australians (81%) are concerned global warming will lead to more bushfires, a jump of 4 percentage points from 2019. South Australia Weather, climate and geography Weather and climate Best time to visit. Climate History Australia is a landmark initiative to reconstruct Australian climate over past centuries. Many of the higher mountains in the territory's south-west are snow-covered for part of the winter. Western Australia climate is one of the most diverse in the country due to its size, from the tropical north to the temperate south west coastal areas. (This is the "official" highest recorded temperature in Australia). The State Government released its Climate Change Adaptation Framework, Prospering in a Changing Climate in 2012, and is working collaboratively with regional communities to deliver climate change adaptation plans in each of the 12 state government regions by the end of 2016. . the driest state in Australia. The lowest recorded minimum temperature in Adelaide was on the 10th of July 1959, it was minus 3.2 degrees Celsius. Climate. The highest falls occur near Mount Lofty (47 inches [1,200 mm]), and the lowest occur in the vicinity of Lake Eyre (6 inches [150 mm] or less). Classification Count Köppen-Geiger Examples; Warm-summer Mediterranean climate: 145: Csb: Victor Harbor, Angaston, Meningie, Normanville, Myponga: Only about one-fifth of the area receives annual precipitation of more than 10 inches (250 mm), and less than half of that has more than 16 inches (400 mm). Damp and cloudy winters, accompanied by cool to comfortable temperatures are followed by summers that are sunny, dry and hot. South Australia is the driest of the Australian states. These can produce sharp temperature contrasts at any time of the year, most markedly in summer, when scorching northerly winds can give way within hours to cool southerlies off the ocean. South Australia weather & climate: all about temperatures, precipitation, sunshine, snow, heat and more South Australia weather information. WHYALLA The area greater than 300m above sea level is zone 5 and its boundary is approximated by the dotted line. Before European settlement the southern regions, with higher rainfall and a more temperate climate, supported three principal ecosystems. READ THE REPORT. A century of experiment with fertilizers and pasture management has solved many of the nutrient limitations of soils in the regions of better rainfall. An alternative list of locations sorted by site number is also available. South Australia Sorted by site name . The southeast has a typical sub-tropical climate with a summer dry season. Vegetation in the vast arid areas ranges from low woodlands of acacia species, cypress pines (Callitris), and beefwood (Casuarina), through shrub savannas dominated by acacia, to low shrublands of bluebush (Maireana and Chenopodium) and saltbush (Atriplex) that provide the basis for inland sheep and cattle grazing. The climate of South Australia A Mediterranean climate is how some describe the South Australian climate but this is only apt for the southern inhabited areas of the state. Average monthly precipitation over the year (rainfall, snow) 3. google_ad_client="ca-pub-7850982377150993";google_ad_slot="6488545438";google_ad_width=336;google_ad_height=280; Go to next climate page: Western Australia Climate, Return from South Australia Climate to Australian-Information-Stories home page. Northern parts of the state experience extremely hot conditions, as much of these parts are comprised of desert. More than one-fourth of the some 50 species of marsupials originally native to the state are now extinct, but others are still common, including western gray kangaroos, red kangaroos, and brush-tailed possums. Sandy Pitcher, Chief Executive of South Australia’s Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources, reflects on the achievements of Australia’s preeminent climate change forum, the Climate Adaptation 2016 conference, which took place in Adelaide in July.. Bushfires are now the greatest climate concern for South Australians, followed closely by droughts and flooding. The state has the sole surviving population of the formerly more widespread hairy-nosed wombat. South Australia is the driest of the Australian states. The average maximum temperature exceeds 35 °C (95 °F) from December to February in Oodnadatta, in the state of South Australia. The average temperature is … Climate. South Australia Climate South Australia climate varies, from the mild wetter regions of the southeast coast and Mount Lofty Ranges to the hot and dry interior. Mean maximum temperatures were above average across most northeastern and western districts The mean minimum temperature for South Australia in February was 0.22 °C cooler than average, making it the lowest in February since 2012 and first cooler than … Adelaide boasts a Mediterranean climate, perfect for enjoying the great Australian outdoors. The south of Australia lies in a predominantly temperate climate … Tourism Australia does not endorse or accept any responsibility for the use of websites which are owned or operated by third parties and makes no representation or warranty in relation to the standard, class or fitness for purpose of any services, nor does it endorse or in any respect warrant any products or services by virtue of any information, material or content linked from or to this site. Warm and temperate with long hot summers, short mild winters and low rainfall. Apart from droughts, South Australia weather hasn't generally got a lot of damaging events, such as violent storms or floods although it is the driest state in Australia. The lowest recorded minimum temperature in South Australia was recorded at Yongala on the 20th of July 1976, it was minus 8 degrees Celsius. Hundreds of species of birds (including more than 20 introduced species) inhabit or visit South Australia. See what the weather in South Australia (Australia) is like during any month of the year. Canberra has cool to cold winters with occasional fogand frequent frosts. Interested in the detailed Weather and Climate of South Australia, Australia? Australia's great coastline covers 59,736km (37,119 miles); the country is lapped by the Arafura and Timor Seas to the north, the Coral and Tasman Seas of the South Pacific to the east, the Southern Ocean to the south, and the Indian Ocean to the west. During summer, the outback is very hot and humid – some days have seen temperatures as high as 50°C. Mallee vegetation, a tall open scrub of multistemmed eucalypts, occurred inland in areas with rainfall between about 12 and 20 inches (305 and 510 mm). With maritime climatic influences drawn inland by Spencer Gulf and Gulf St. Vincent, the southern coastal zone of the state has been characterized as having a “Mediterranean” climate, with mild to cool wet winters and hot dry summers. The average daily maximum temperature is around 16 degrees Celsius. The average daily minimum temperature is around 17 degrees Celsius. The northern and southern parts of Western Australia have entirely contrasting climates; the north is tropical, with summer rainfall, while the south has a Mediterranean climate. The wind blows frequently, especially from October to April, that is, in the warm season (being that it's in the Southern Hemisphere, the seasons in Sydney are reversed in comparison to Europe or North America). “This Climate Change Action Plan will accelerate South Australia’s climate change response and help build a climate smart state that is more prosperous, liveable and resilient,” Mr Haese said. Instead, the Australian Bureau of Meteorolgy officially reports a heat record of 49.5°C on 24 December 1972. Adelaide currently experiences an average of 17 extremely hot days (above 35 degrees) a year. The highest recorded maximum temperature in South Australia was recorded at Oodnadata on the 2nd of January 1960, it was 50.7 More South Australia destinations The stony and sandy deserts support a sparse growth of hummock grasslands of porcupine (also called spinifex) grass (Triodia). It has mild winters and warm, dry summers. According to the latest data, average temperatures across the State have warmed almost 1 degree Celsius over the past century. google_ad_client="pub-7850982377150993";google_ad_slot="4206727744";google_ad_width=160;google_ad_height=600. The desert nights can be very cold. Using historical records, our team pieces together past climate variability and extremes to understand their influence on Australian society over time. … Unknown to many, the outback can experience below freezing temperatures during the winter months. The average daily minimum temperature is around 8 degrees Celsius. However, the echidna (spiny anteater), an unusual egg-laying mammal, is still seen regularly on the South Australian mainland and on Kangaroo Island. Adelaide weather is generally moderate because of the coastal location and the influence of land and sea breezes. Winter weather in Adelaide is normally cool. Winters in South Australia last from March to November, and most of the rainfall that occurs in this area happens during June, July, and August. The average daily maximum temperature is around 30 degrees Celsius, although it can get much hotter at times. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Apart from droughts, South Australia weather hasn't generally got a lot of damaging events, such as violent storms or floods although it is South Australia’s summer runs from December to February. South Australia shares many animal, bird, and reptile species with adjacent parts of Australia. RENMARK PARINGA MURRAY BRIDGE ROXBY The most important soils agriculturally have been the hard red duplex soils of the lands near the gulfs. Thunderstorms can occur between October and March, and annual rainfall is 623 mm (25 in), with rainfall highest in spring and summer an… Classifications. In their natural state most soils are deficient in essential plant nutrients and tend to have hard-setting surfaces that seal readily under raindrops, leading to erosion of bare ground in heavy storms. Dry sclerophyll forest, dominated by rough-barked species of eucalyptus, occurred in areas receiving 30 inches (750 mm) of rain or more. Climate and Average Weather in South Australia, Australia. Average minimum and maximum temperature over the year 2. Annual Weather Averages in Adelaide. Between 3 March and 17 March 2008 Adelaide recorded 15 consecutive days of 35 °C (95 °F) or above, and 13 consecutive days of 37.8 °C (100.0 °F) or above – both records for an Australian capital city. Canberra has warm to hot, dry summers with heat waves. Nights in these areas are often very cold. Climate Zone Map South Australia Australia has a varied climate, leading to different locations around the country having different heating and cooling requirements. Only about one-fifth of the area receives annual precipitation of more than 10 inches (250 mm), and less than half of that has more than 16 inches (400 mm). In the southern settled coastal zone the annual average number of “hot” days in excess of 86 °F is from 10 to 50, whereas in the northern two-thirds of the state it is more than 110 days per year. The Marshall Liberal Government’s recent budget builds on the already significant investment in climate change action. The northern section of Australia has a more tropical influenced climate, hot and humid in the summer, and quite warm and dry in the winter, while the southern parts are cooler with mild summers and cool, sometimes rainy winters.. Widespread clearing of vegetation for agriculture and the competition of domesticated livestock in the arid pastoral zone have depleted numbers of most wild fauna, especially mammals. South Australia is the perfect place to escape the chill. The major determinant of the weather is the movement of an anticyclone that produces winds in an east-west direction across the continent for about half the year. In Adelaide the average daily maximum temperatures range from a summer peak of 84 °F (29 °C) in January to a winter low of 59 °F (15 °C) in July; average daily minimum temperatures range from 63 °F (17 °C) in February to 45 °F (7 °C) in July. These areas experience seasonal changes where the land to the north of the state, not so much so. The state is also home to more than 200 species of reptiles and amphibians. climate varies, from the mild wetter regions of the southeast coast and Mount Lofty Ranges to the hot and dry interior. reaches 40 degrees Celsius. Short-beaked echidna, Kangaroo Island, South Australia. While South Australia’s climate has always been highly variable, a strong warming trend has been observed since the 1970s. (The record number of consecutive days of 37.8 °C (100.0 °F) or above in any Australian city is held by Marble Bar in Western Australia, which experienced 160 consecutive days in 1923–24.) South Australia is responding to the challenges of climate change. The higher rainfall occurs along the southern coasts and the north-south-trending Mount Lofty and Flinders ranges. Summer weather in Adelaide is usually hot. Climate. Common amphibians include the brown tree frog, the spotted grass frog, and the eastern banjo toad. Settlement patterns and demographic trends, Colonial development in the mid-19th century. The climate in the Australian desert – generally referred to as the outback on maps – is very hot and dry. Each selected city will show you the following graphs: 1. The gibber dragon (Ctenophorus gibba), a type of lizard, and the Woomera slider (Lerista elongata), a variety of skink, are among several species of reptiles that are endemic to the state. In South Australia; Seven in ten South Australians (72%) are concerned about climate change. The hottest temperature ever measured throughout Australia was 50.7°C and was recorded in South Australia on 2 January 1960. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. google_ad_client="pub-7850982377150993";google_ad_slot="2874101789";google_ad_width=250;google_ad_height=250; South Australia degrees Celsius. However, the temperature can sometimes exceed 40 °C (104 °F) from September to April, with peaks of 48/50 °C (118/122 °F) in December and January. South Australia Climate South Australia has many different climates, but the most prevalent ones are Csb, BSk. The Adelaide Hills Wine Region includes all areas of the Adelaide Hills that have an elevation greater than 300m. Understanding the past helps scientists estimate Australia's vulnerability to continued climate change. By contrast, rainfall in the arid interior is highly erratic. The highest recorded maximum temperature in Adelaide was on the 12th of January 1939, it was 47.6 degrees Celsius. The South Australia climate of the southern coastal regions is "Mediterranean" with hot dry summers and cool mild wet winters. The climate of Sydney, the capital of New South Wales, lying on the southeast coast of Australia, is subtropical oceanic, with mild winters and warm summers. Because of its elevation (650 m (2,130 ft)) and distance from the coast, the Australian Capital Territory experiences a dry, continental climate (Dsa). Kangaroo Island also has mild temperate weather, with warm dry summers and cool frequently sunny winter days. 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